First, the core of smart home is the role of the new generation of information technology in traditional home
Smart Home, also known as Smart house, is the core component or hardware part of a Smart Home. It is the result of the transformation and upgrading of traditional household items by using modern information technology.
From the point of view of specific operation, smart home is a set of systems including central control host, intelligent terminal equipment, communication technology and control equipment. Central control host is the core of intelligent home system, through communication technology to achieve interconnection with intelligent terminal equipment, intelligent terminal equipment including intelligent home appliances, security alarm, building intercom, intelligent control and so on.
Smart home specifically refers to the home life as a platform, the use of artificial intelligence, the Internet, computers, integrated wiring technology, network communication technology, security prevention technology will be integrated with the home life related facilities, to build efficient residential facilities and family schedule management system. Its application scope covers lighting, temperature, air quality, curtains, security, household appliances, av systems and other aspects.
Two, four areas of intelligent home attention
From the 1980s to now, intelligent home has experienced home electronic, home automation and intelligent home three stages of development, home electronic and automation, home intelligent play an important link between the past and the future, laid the information foundation for the development of intelligent home. The smart home industry in developed countries and some developing countries is entering a stage of rapid development. Four categories of smart home, namely safety control, health management, energy and lighting, and smart home appliances, have attracted the highest attention.
Based on the world’s leading level of economic development and information industry foundation, the United States and some European countries have been in a leading position in smart home system research and development, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand and other countries are also closely followed, in the smart home market to stand out.
The development process of smart home in the United States is relatively typical, roughly experienced four generations: the first generation is lighting, curtains and a small amount of security control home; The second generation is visual intercom and security home; The third generation is the centralized intelligent control system of security, metering and other functions of the home; The fourth generation is home with personalized functions based on Internet of Things technology. There are five main segments: home automation, home security, home entertainment, environmental assistance, and life energy management. Among them, home automation, home security and home entertainment have the largest market volume.
Japan’s preference for smart home applications is safety control, health management, energy and lighting, and smart home appliances.
South Korea’s preference for smart home applications is security control, energy and lighting, health management, and smart home appliances.
Third, the trend of cross-border integration of China’s smart home industry is prominent
To keep pace with the sustained, rapid and healthy development of China’s economy, China’s smart home industry, under the action of multiple factors such as 5G, Internet of things, artificial intelligence and other information technology, as well as the rapid development of Internet home decoration market, the size of China’s smart home market increased from 260.85 billion yuan to 514.47 billion yuan from 2016 to 2020. The compound annual growth rate of 18.51% is expected to exceed 200 billion yuan by 2022. In China, smart home is mainly used in villas and high-end residences in the form of an overall plan.
With the help of the development of mobile Internet, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and other technologies, the smart home industry chain continues to extend, the trend of cross-border cooperation is obvious, the trend of industrial chain extension, cross-border cooperation and the establishment of system platform evolution is prominent, the world’s leading market demand, household appliances smart home products market share is the highest.
At the same time, China’s smart home industry also presents the following three characteristics:
(I) Accelerate the expansion and layout of online and offline two-way channels
Guangdong, Sichuan, Qingdao and other cities layout of intelligent industrial parks, involving dozens of smart home enterprises. In addition to large-scale industrial park projects, a number of well-known domestic smart home manufacturers have set up flagship stores and experience pavilions around the country, creating demonstration projects suitable for business, business and tourism, expanding offline channels and accelerating the overall development of the intelligent industrial chain.
(2) Leading enterprises accelerate the layout of interconnected intelligent devices
Home devices combine sensors, chips, screens, voice interaction, face recognition and other technologies to diversify and enhance the connectivity between people and things. Traditional home appliance giants Gree, Midea and Haier give full play to their product form advantages and Internet giants such as BAT, Xiaomi and 360 to carry out the integration of hardware and software. Deep integration and interconnection is a major direction of the smart home industry.
(3) Smart community business model becomes an important carrier
With the launch of more and more commercial housing and high-end residential projects in China, community security, social, transportation, supporting areas are facing great changes. Establish connectivity analysis of the large data management platform, the applications of big data in the business, in combination with the optimization of business processes to achieve real-time, for community residents, service providers, streets, property company improve the efficiency of daily, fall to the ground from the top level design to the governance mechanism to the service, building safety, convenience, entertainment, education, medical treatment in an ecosystem, Has become an important application.
Four, smart home products five development trend gradually emerged
Smart home products cover a complete range of categories, with intelligent products, collaborative work, category differentiation, functional integration, ecological service five characteristics.
With the popularization of information technology and the development of Internet of Things and mobile Internet technology, smart home products have distinct product characteristics in the era of mobile Internet.
First, smart home products with complex functions have gradually replaced simple home products. For example, Amazon Echo and Google Home can query the weather, play music, set alarm clocks and send messages through voice interaction. They also support ordering takeout, taking a taxi and controlling devices. The WeeBee control center with deep learning function automatically manages household appliances according to users’ habits by recording users’ living habits and accumulating data.
2 it is to work together, intelligent household products from support independent control for different scene change more equipment work together, such as environmental monitor in the completion of indicators, such as temperature, humidity and PM2.5 inspection work, according to the records of the user habits and customs, open or close the intelligent household equipment such as air conditioning, humidifier, air purifier, Realize the synergy of smart home products.
The third is the classification of fine differentiation, from improve user experience and reduce the threshold of user use, modern intelligent home products more from the details of life, to achieve intelligent small products, intelligent sensors, intelligent toothbrush, intelligent door magnetic and other life of small intelligent home products emerge in endlessly.
Four is functional integration, smart home products can solve a variety of needs at the same time, such as dudu E home dudu smart box, can control the whole family equipment, and real-time monitoring of air quality, but also infrared detection of indoor human activities, to avoid outsiders into the room, natural gas leakage, fire and other dangerous situations.
Fifth, ecological service. In addition to functional products with various additional functions, smart home products can also provide users with access to services, such as Haier’s Baked Dove smart oven. Users can control baking temperature and time in detail through mobile APP, learn baking skills and share results. In addition, Haier cooperates with food material suppliers to provide users with high-quality food material distribution services and build a complete “baking ecosystem”.
Five, intelligent technology is the key to the upgrade of smart home
Artificial intelligence technology is the core of intelligent home, the breakthrough of intelligent voice interaction system and neural network chip is the key to upgrade intelligent home.
The development of smart home, the future needs to focus on strengthening artificial intelligence technology, deepen the application of artificial intelligence in the field of smart home, to take the lead in breaking through intelligent voice interaction system.
More need to strengthen the development of smart home, a new generation of voice recognition framework, personalized colloquial speech recognition, speech recognition, intelligent conversation, audio and video integration, innovative application of speech synthesis technology for smart home, voice control, voice input is more flexible than the fingers, efficient and rich interesting way of human-computer interaction, Voice control in the future is destined to become the leading intelligent home products to achieve human-computer communication.
In addition, the application of technologies such as intelligent sensing and machine learning will improve the intelligence, practicality and safety of smart home products.
The second core basic technology that needs to be broken through is neural network chip. Neural network chip has the characteristics of high performance, high scalability and low power consumption, which can reduce the energy consumption of artificial intelligence and improve the operation speed. It is another core technology for smart home to move forward to more high-end.